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China Focus: Building on anti-poverty success, China turns to rural vitalization

Abstract : From launching massive reforms to adopting targeted alleviation measures, China has explored a unique course to end extreme poverty and now that a complete victory has been secured, the country is rolling up its sleeves for a new mission to propel rural vitalization.

BEIJING, April 7 (Xinhua) — From launching massive reforms to
adopting targeted alleviation measures, China has explored a unique
course to end extreme poverty and now that a complete victory has been
secured, the country is rolling up its sleeves for a new mission to
propel rural vitalization.

The world’s largest developing country has achieved the complete
eradication of extreme poverty, raising more than 770 million people out
of poverty since its reform and opening up in the late 1970s.

According to the World Bank standard, this figure accounted for more
than 70 percent of the global total over the same period, said a white
paper released Tuesday by the State Council Information Office.

A report titled “Chinese Poverty Alleviation Studies: A Political
Economy Perspective” released by New China Research, the think tank of
Xinhua News Agency, has summarized foreign experts’ views on the lessons
the world can learn from China’s success into the “Five Ds”: Determined
Leadership, Detailed Blueprint, Development Oriented, Data-based
Governance and Decentralized Delivery.

Building on its experience and success in the poverty fight, China is ready to take on a new challenge.

“Removing the label of extreme poverty is not the end, but the
beginning of a new life and a new journey,” the white paper stressed,
vowing to continue to consolidate the results of poverty elimination,
dovetail new measures with rural vitalization, and pool more resources
to energize the countryside.

In an important move to enable a smooth transition into rural
vitalization, China in February unveiled a new government body — the
National Administration for Rural Vitalization — to shift its policy
focus to further boosting rural areas.

China will roll out more than 30 policies to ensure the resources
leveraged for intensive poverty elimination are redirected toward an
extensive drive for rural vitalization, Wang Zhengpu, head of the
administration, told a press conference on Tuesday.

China is reviewing, adjusting, optimizing and improving existing
support policies for poverty alleviation, said Wang, pledging to keep
policies consistent and stable as part of efforts to prevent people from
falling back into poverty.

Official data show that the final 98.99 million impoverished rural
residents living under the current poverty line were all lifted out of
poverty over the past eight years. All of the 832 impoverished counties
and 128,000 impoverished villages were also removed from the poverty
list.

China’s counties have been given a five-year grace period from the
day they emerged from poverty, during which they will continue to enjoy
the main support policies for poverty alleviation.

To prevent any relapses, China has put in place a long-term mechanism
for dynamic monitoring of any trends indicating a return to poverty and
regular checks on key groups, according to Wang.

Follow-up support will be strengthened for the relocated population,
with targeted efforts to develop industries, create jobs and improve
infrastructure and public services.

While ensuring those who emerged from poverty see no setbacks, the
government work report this year has pledged to advance rural
vitalization on all fronts and improve the new urbanization strategy
during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025).

By 2035, China will have achieved basic socialist modernization. With
decisive progress in rural vitalization by that time, agriculture and
rural areas will be modernized and fundamentally restructured, according
to the white paper.

The country will become a great modern socialist country in every
dimension by 2050, realizing the Second Centenary Goal and fully
vitalizing the countryside.

“At that time, China will have strong agriculture, a beautiful and
vitalized countryside, and prosperous farmers, enjoying across-the-board
progress in society and the economy, and thriving endeavors in every
sector,” the white paper said. Enditem

About Xinhua Silk Road

Xinhua Silk Road (en.imsilkroad.com) is the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) portal. China’s silk road economic belt and the 21st century maritime silk road website, include BRI Policy, BRI Trade, BRI Investment, Belt and Road weekly, Know Belt and Road, and the integrated information services for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

Source: China Focus: Building on anti-poverty success, China turns to rural vitalization

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